Opiate addiction is a chronic or long-term illness that can cause health or social problems.
Opium addiction is a Chronic or long-term illness that can cause significant health, social, and economic problems. to drug addicts
Opium is a type of drug that acts on the nervous system to produce feelings of pleasure and relieve pain. Some opiates are legally prescribed by doctors to control severe and chronic pain.Commonly prescribed opiates include oxycodone, fentanyl, buprenorphine, methadone, oxymorphone, hydrocodone, codeine, and morphine. Some other opiates, such as heroin. is an illegal drug
Opiate addiction is characterized by a need to use this type of substance. Even though it is no longer required medically. Opium has a high potential to cause addiction in some people. Even if the medicine is properly prescribed and taken as directed..There is a great deal of abuse of prescription opiates. People who are addicted may prioritize obtaining and using drugs over other activities in their lives, which often worsens work and family relationships. Why some people are more likely to become addicted to drugs than others is not exactly known.
opium change brain chemistry increase drug toleranceThis means that over time the dose must be increased to achieve the same effect. Prolonged use of opiates causes dependence, so when a person stops taking the drug or drugs, They will also experience physical and mental symptoms of withdrawal, such as muscle pain, diarrhea, and anxiety.
It must be taken into account that Dependence is not the same as addiction.. Anyone who uses opium for a long time will become dependent. But only a small percentage will experience compulsive and persistent addictions.
Opiate addiction can cause life-threatening health problems.In addition to the risk of overdose, An overdose occurs when too much opiate causes breathing to slow or stop. This results in unconsciousness and death if not treated in time. Both legal and illegal opiates carry an overdose risk if a person overdoses. or if these opiates are used together with other drugs Especially sedatives called benzodiazepines.
What is an opiate?
Opium includes prescription controlled substances derived from opium. This is a chemical that is naturally present in poppy seeds and plants. These medicines, which are used in clinical practice to treat mild or severe pain in patients, are also known as painkillers. opiate pain relieverThis class of painkillers has a high rate of abuse due to their extremely sedating effects. This in many cases can lead to drug addiction.
Painkiller addiction often begins after medical treatment following an accident or injury. The patient receives a prescription and prescribed dosage of the drug from the doctor. without intending to use it in the wrong way however, As time passes Patients may feel that the medicine is no longer as effective as it was initially.. This feeling occurs due to increased tolerance to painkillers. This means that the substance has accumulated inside the patient’s body.
This tolerance may cause the person to take or require higher doses than recommended to achieve the desired effect. Increasing this dose may lead to physical dependence, so you will need to continue taking the medication to feel normal.. As time passes This physical dependence can lead to “craving,” with an increased desire to continue using the drug despite negative effects.
When the patient’s behavior changes due to the need for medication Until I can’t control it. The patient’s physical and mental health began to deteriorate. This eventually led to a diagnosis of drug addiction. drug addiction It’s more serious than a strong desire to take drugs. It is a neurological disease that feels inevitable to those who suffer from it..
People struggling with substance abuse problems often want to quit their addiction. But I feel like I can’t quit on my own. The only way you can completely overcome your addiction to opioid painkillers is to seek specialized treatment at a rehab center.
Opium or Opium?
Many people have doubts when using these two words. which often use the same synonyms
- opium. is A substance containing active ingredients derived from natural opium.Common opiates can be morphine and codeine. It is produced directly from the opium found in the poppy plant.
- opium. Opium is A synthetically produced substance that mimics the natural effects of opium.Some types of opium are completely synthetic. while some are only partially synthesized.
Both opiates and opiates work by stimulating brain cells that control pain and weakening the central nervous system.These cells secrete endorphins, which lead to feelings of relaxation and calm, which can be highly addictive.
Types of Opium
Opium is prescribed for a variety of medical needs. There are two main classifications for this class of drugs. : Antagonist and Protagonist
- at enemy has been considered less addictive than agonists, although they are more likely to be abused as well. It is often used to aid in the detoxification process. It is the first part of addiction treatment.
- at Agonists mimic the effects of natural endorphins and produce opiate effects by interacting with nerve cells.Agonists are found in drugs such as morphine, which are often used in clinical settings because they are the most powerful. Many substances in this category have a very high potential for abuse and addiction. Other examples of agonists include hydroxodone, oxycodone, heroin, and buprenorphine.
Causes of drug addiction
The causes of opiate addiction are complex. This condition is the result of a combination of genetic, environmental and lifestyle factors. Some factors cannot yet be specified.
Many of the genes thought to play a key role in this type of addiction are related to the endogenous opioid system.They are the body’s internal systems that control pain (enkephalins), reward (endorphins), and addictive behavior (dynorphins). These opiates are naturally produced by the body. For this reason it is called exogenous opium. Exogenous opiates, such as certain drugs or illicit drugs such as heroin, also act by acting on natural receptors.
Variations in genes that provide instructions for making opiate receptors have been widely studied as genetic risk factors for opiate addiction.Researchers suspect that differences in the structure and function of the receptors affect how the body responds to opiates.
Opiate receptors are found in the nervous system, where nerve cells, or nerve cells, are found.. When these encogens or exogens bind to the receptors Such reactions trigger various chemical changes. within and between nerve cells This causes a feeling of happiness and relieves pain.
Opiate addiction is a complex disease. And non-genetic factors also play an important role. These factors are:
- at background of drug use
- at depression or other psychiatric disorders
- suffer some type of suffering childhood abuse
- thin personality traits such as impulsivity or sensation seeking.
- have Relationships with abusers opium or other substances
- have Easy access to this type of medicine Or illegal drugs also contribute to a person’s risk of drug addiction.
It is possible that A combination of health, social, economic, and lifestyle factors interact with genetic factors. To determine individual risk
Overdose and treatment
Overdose is usually caused by taking more than the recommended dose. or by combining different substances, especially with other CNS depressants such as benzodiazepines and alcohol.
People can overdose on painkillers alone. But the risk is much higher for people who use other types of substances at the same time.
at Symptoms of overdose Related to these drugs are:
- contracted students
- shallow breathing
- cool or clammy skin
- Very sleepy or unable to wake up
- periodic loss of consciousness
For many people Surviving an overdose is an important time to get help. and look for treatments that will detoxify them. However, some people will wake up from an overdose and immediately return to using the substance of abuse.
There are many treatment options available, but The most effective form of treatment for opioid addiction is inpatient detox. Followed by inpatient rehabilitation as well. Inpatient rehab centers have specialized programs for people suffering from this type of substance use disorder. These programs help patients delve deeper into themselves to find the true causes of their drug use. Knowing what led them to take drugs or alcohol in the first place will help prevent future triggers during recovery.
We must never forget that addiction to opiates is a disease. Therefore, it must be treated by a medical professional.