Macular degeneration occurs when the central part of the retina, called the macula, gradually deteriorates.
Winter is the darkest time of the year. We have less time in the sun and are less likely to leave the house due to inclement weather. We can relax a bit and take care of our eyes less..
But spring is near. The days are longer and the sunshine is brighter. It is always recommended to have appropriate sunglasses handy. That correctly protects against harmful UVA and AVB rays.
What is macular degeneration?
Age-related macular degeneration is an eye disease that can get worse over time. It’s about The leading cause of severe and permanent vision loss in people aged 60 years and older.Even if it doesn’t cause blindness.
It occurs when the central part of the retina, called the macula, wears away.The retina is light-sensitive nerve tissue located at the back of the eye.
There is another form of macular degeneration called Stargardt’s disease or juvenile macular degeneration. This affects children and young adults.
Types of macular degeneration
exists Two types The main causes of age-related macular degeneration:
- dry macular degenerationPeople with this condition may have yellowish deposits called drusen in their macula. Some small drusen may not cause any change in vision. But when there is a larger and more numerous Can dim or distort visionEspecially when reading When symptoms worsen The light-sensitive cells in the macula shrink in size until they die. in graphite form You may have a blind spot in the center of your vision.And when it gets worse Central vision may be lost.
- Wet macular degeneration. Blood vessels grow beneath the macula. These blood vessels leak blood and fluid into the retina. This distorts the vision of the affected person. Make them see wavy lines where there are straight lines.. Blind spots and loss of central vision may occur. These blood vessels and their bleeding can cause scarring. It can cause permanent loss of central vision..
Causes of macular degeneration
Macular degeneration is common in the elderly. Which is why it is often associated with aging problems. It is possible that genetic factors influence this condition.Therefore, if someone in your family has this disease. You may be at greater risk of developing this disease.
exists Other risk factors So that macular degeneration appears whether it can be prevented or not, such as smoking, having high blood pressure or high cholesterol, obesity, eating a diet high in saturated fat, having fair skin, being a woman, and having clearly different eye colors.
How can I prevent macular degeneration?
Reducing the risk of macular degeneration therefore requires Make healthy decisions throughout your life.Let’s look at some tips for taking care of our eyes:
- Wear sunglasses. We already mentioned this at the beginning of this article. But this advice is one that you should never tire of giving. Sunglasses are Necessary accessories in our daily lifeNo matter what time of year Exposure to sunlight is cumulative. Therefore, protecting yourself from the sun is very important.Retinal degeneration Skin aging, or cancer, is a condition that doesn’t happen overnight. for your eyes Use approved sunglasses that protect against UVA and UVB rays, and be sure to keep them with you at all times. Remember that on days of high radiation It is recommended to wear sunglasses even on cloudy days.
- Wear a wide-brimmed hat or cap with a visor.. This method is useful in shifting light away from the eyes with shadows. It also protects the skin from ultraviolet rays and prevents heat stroke.
- avoid tobacco. Everyone knows the harmful effects of tobacco. But it should be remembered that the eyes also suffer. Not only smokers But also the eyes of those around you. Cigarette smoke affects the eyes Therefore, to prevent macular degeneration. Therefore it is recommended to avoid smoking.
- Take care of your foodA heart-healthy diet rich in antioxidants can help our eyes. In fact, controlling your heart condition through diet can help reduce your risk of macular degeneration. Therefore, green leafy vegetables that are high in lutein, such as spinach, help take care of our eyes. But lutein doesn’t just help our eyes. Vitamins C and E, zeaxanthin, zinc and copper also help protect our eyes.
- will exerciseMaintaining a healthy weight helps us control and maintain normal blood pressure. This will help reduce the risk of macular degeneration.
What is the future trend for patients with macular degeneration?
This condition It is usually diagnosed when it has progressed to some extent. This is because the first signs of vision problems are often ignored as a result of ageing. This is why prevention is so important, preventative measures must be taken before they appear.
People rarely lose all of their vision due to age-related macular degeneration. Central vision may be poor. But those affected will not have any impairments. To carry out most of your daily activities
at dry macular degeneration It tends to get worse slowly. Therefore, by preventing and taking appropriate measures. Most vision can be preserved. Keep that in mind if you are diagnosed with this disease. You must always follow your doctor’s instructions.
at Wet macular degenerationOn the other hand, it is a leading cause of permanent vision loss. This type of condition may require other types of medical treatment. Therefore, in addition to taking preventative measures on a daily basis, It is important to have your vision checked periodically and follow your doctor’s instructions to avoid serious problems.
In summary, it is important to maintain the health of our eyes. And as we’ve seen, maintaining the health of our eyes has an impact on other areas. of the body as well In matters of heart, blood pressure, weight, etc., we also take care of our eyes.